Cheng-zhao Wang, Fang-yi Li,* Li-ming Wang, Jian-feng Li, An-fu Guo,Chuan-wei Zhang and Peng Liu
Key Laboratory of High Eﬃciency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture (Ministry of Education)
Journal：《Royal Society of Chemistry》
Thermoplastic starch (TPS) from native corn starch was prepared using diﬀerent mass ratios of formamideurea compound plasticizers. The inﬂuence of the compound plasticizer on hydrogen bonds has been analyzed by IR spectroscopy. The characterization of TPS was studied using X-ray diﬀractometry and diﬀerential scanning calorimetry. The results showed that the optimal mass proportion of starch/formamide/urea was 10/2/1. Starch plasticization destroyed the crystal structure of the native starch,increased the melting point of starch and improved the processability. Scanning electron microscopy showed that there was a signiﬁcant change between starch molecules before and after plasticization. With the best plasticizing proportion of formamide–urea compound plasticizers, four kinds of thermoplastic starch composites reinforced with equal amounts of sisal, pulp, straw and wood ﬁbers were obtained by a foam molding process. The IR spectroscopy investigations revealed the presence of hydrogen bonds and explored the mechanism of physical interactions in composites. Thermogravimetric analysis demonstrated that sisal ﬁber composites had the best thermal stability. Besides, the mechanical properties of diﬀerent ﬁber reinforced composites were investigated. The sisal ﬁber composites demonstrated the best tensile and compressive strength, 3.85 MPa and 1.37 MPa, respectively, among the specimens. The fracture surfaces of these composites were also observed by SEM.